Structural Configuration of the Text World Polymentality Representation
The article highlights the problem of structural configuration of the representation of polymentality of the textual world. It focuses on the problem of polymentality (ambiguity) of the text. It is proposed to address it in the context of psycholinguistics and cognitive linguistics. On that ground, the study substantiates the figure-background relations as a necessary characteristic of the manifestation of the author's sensorics. Such an approach allows not only revealing cognitive mechanisms that underlie polymentality of the literary text but also systematizing the structural configuration of its representation. The dynamics of figure-background relations (as a way of cognition) is fully manifested in the author's sensorics, often performing certain communicative tasks. The identification of common mechanisms of specificity of the interaction of figure and background in the interpretation of text meaning promotes the use of psychological approaches. The last represent the process of formation and perception of a new meaning as a process of self-organization of a complex system. The results show that the problem of the structural configuration of the representation of the polymentality of the literary text can be solved through the psychological analysis of the author's sensory in terms of figure-background relations in the gestalt-psychological discourse.
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