The Contrastive Analysis of the Verb in Reference to Syntax and Morphology


  • Dana Švenčionienė Kaunas University of Technology



word order, noun phrase, attributes, syntactic relations, syntactic and semantic function, morphological case marking, adposition and postposition


The article deals with some principles that regulate the order of attributes in the noun phrase whose position is variable by their syntactic and semantic function in Lithuanian and fixed in English.The English and Lithuanian languages differ as to whether their syntactic organization in the noun phrase reflects relations of a head word with a noun, with an adjective, with an article, with a numeral, with a participle, or the noun phrase comprises terms or phraseological units bearing figurative sense. In English, the position of the attributes is before the head word they modify in the noun phrase, i.e. in adposition or expressed by means of postposition.

The grammatical means of indicating syntactic relations in the nounphrase and its attributes in Lithuanian are endings and inflexional suffixes. Generally, the word order flexibility within the noun phrase in Lithuanian is presented on the basis of morphological case marking.Therefore, the syntactic structure of attributes inside the noun phrase in English and Lithuanian sentences is a complex of interrelations between its constituents. Thus, the semantic meaning of a sentence of the same content in the both languages can be expressed by different word order. Though, the order of attributes in the noun phrase can be different too.

Generally this study is concerned only with the noun phrase thatoccurs before the main verb of a sentence in English, whereas the position of the corresponding noun phrase translated into Lithuanian can even occur after the main verb.

The comparative analysis of the noun phrase and its attributes is based on the restrictive effects of semantic meaning and grammaticalized variations of word order on the syntactic interpretation.


Author Biography

Dana Švenčionienė, Kaunas University of Technology

Faculty of Humanities, Foreign Language Center,

Assoc. Prof. Dr.